If you categorise termites under the one umbrella, you’re not alone. But, believe it or not, there are many species of termite in Queensland alone. And distinguishing between them is not easy. However, learning some basic differences between common examples of Queensland termites can help you protect against them. Different termites have slightly different habits, which means you can normally get a good idea of their variety by looking at their nesting habits. Here are some common Queensland termites that you might come across. If you do – get onto the experts immediately – it could prevent serious damage to your home.
Subterranean Rhinotermitidae Termites are not just Queensland termites – they’re found nationally
These termites are a subterranean variety, found not just in Queensland but across Australia. This makes them one of the most common, and therefore one of the most problematic. They can easily establish large and damaging colonies under a wide variety of environmental circumstances. Fortunately, they are relatively easy to identify. Soldiers of this species have bulbous heads, which are a few shades darker than their bodies – normally a light caramel colour. Their pincers are darker again, and they grow to an average length of around 7mm.
Giant Northern Termites are found throughout Queensland, and they can be very damaging
When a variety of termite has the word ‘giant’ in its name, you know it’s not good. And that is completely true of the Giant Northern Termite. Giant Northern Termites are found in Queensland and across the Top End. Soldiers reach length of up to 13mm, while alates – or winged termites – can reach up to 35mm, with 50mm wingspans. These termites are known collectively for their voracity, and the sheer breadth of materials that they degrade. These qualities mean Giant Northern Termites are widely considered the most destructive in Australia.
West Indian Drywood Termites are not native to Queensland, and they are a serious problem. Here’s why
The West Indian Drywood Termite is an introduced species that doesn’t need freely available moisture to survive. It is for that reason that these termites have thrived not only in Queensland, but worldwide. Such is the invasiveness of these termites, that even other termites are displaced by them. You can generally identify West Indian Drywood Termites by their wrinkled heads and short length – generally no more than 6mm for a soldier. These termites are subject to a biosecurity order, due to the threat they pose to buildings and native species. If you suspect that they’re on your property, contact a specialist immediately.
These termites are often as hard to find as they are to pronounce! They are native to Queensland, and generally prefer to feed on decaying and damp timber. As a result, they rarely cause damage to dry timber and houses in good condition. Being native, you’re most likely to find these subterranean termites in the roots of decaying trees, or on the forest floor. If you spot them, you will be able to tell them apart by their golden heads, which are shaped like a water drop. Most soldiers reach around 5-7mm in length.
Remember, all Queensland termites can do damage and they’re hard to identify
Even though some of the Queensland termites we mentioned don’t normally threaten homes, it’s still important to consult an expert if you see them. Telling one termite apart from another is hard at the best of times, and it’s not worth risking a misidentification. So always consult a pest control specialist if you see termites – they will help you get a management plan in place right away.
For more expert advice on Queensland termites, get in touch today!